King Josiah Kept the Passover and Restored the Holy Ark to the Temple

2 Chronicles 35:1-3
Josiah kept the Passover for the L-RD in Jerusalem...  ​He said to the Levites, consecrated to the L-RD, who taught all Israel, “Put the Holy Ark in the House that Solomon son of David, king of Israel, built..."

During his reform, King Josiah renovated the Holy Temple and restored the Ark of the Covenant to the Temple.  He gathered the inhabitants of Jerusalem and Judea in the Holy Temple. There he read to them the message of the Holy scroll and solemnly vowed to follow in the way of G‑d and to observe His commands.    

  2 Chronicles 35:1-3 Josiah kept the Passover for the L-RD in Jerusalem...  ​He said to the Levites, consecrated to the L-RD, who taught all Israel, “Put the Holy Ark in the House that Solomon son of David, king of Israel, built..."

The Discovery of the Priestly Blessing Outside the Walls of Jerusalem

City of David Megalim Institute
Courtesy of George Blumenthal and the Gol Family 

In this video by the Megalim Institute, courtesy of George Blumenthal and the Gol family, you can learn more about the discovery of the two silver scrolls along with other great ancient treasures. The video further discusses the ancient burial practices as well as the idolatrous practices in the Valley of Hinnom that were uprooted in the time of King Josiah’s religious reform.

Bulla Seals

A Bulla is a seal impression that was used to seal documents as a form of authentication and tamper-proofing. The seal impression was usually made by a signet ring carrying the reverse letters so that the letters will read properly when impressed on a piece of clay.

Throughout the excavations in Israel, bullae or seal impressions were found, many times carrying names of Biblical figures.

A Bulla is a seal impression that was used to seal documents. Taa signet ring carrying the reverse letters so that the letters will read properly when impressed on a piece of clay.

These clay impressions would have eventually disintegrated after a few hundred years. However, the immense heat of the destruction of Jerusalem "baked" and hardened these seal impressions, preserving them, and making them discoverable in the present day. 

Receipt for a Grain Loan, Sealed papyrus from the Jewish Garrison in Elephantine, Egypt, 402 BCE,  Brooklyn Museum

לְאַחַר שֶׁשָּׁאוּל הַמֶּלֶךְ וּבְנוֹ יְהוֹנָתָן מֵתִים בַּקְּרָב, פּוֹנִים רָאשֵׁי הַשְּׁבָטִים לְדָוִד, שֶׁמָּלַךְ כְּבָר שֶׁבַע שָׁנִים וָחֵצִי בְּחֶבְרוֹן. הֵם מְמַנִּים אוֹתוֹ לְמֶלֶךְ עַל הַקּוֹנְפֵדֵרַצְיָה הַשִּׁבְטִית הַמְּאֻחֶדֶת שֶׁל יִשְׂרָאֵל.     

דָּוִד הַמֶּלֶךְ פּוֹנֶה מִיָּד לְכִוּוּן יְרוּשָׁלַיִם, אַחַת הֶעָרִים הָאַחֲרוֹנוֹת שֶׁטֶּרֶם נִכְבְּשָׁה בְּמַהֲלַךְ כִּבּוּשׁ הָאָרֶץ בִּידֵי בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל.   דָּוִד בּוֹחֵר בִּירוּשָׁלַיִם מֵאַרְבַּע סִבּוֹת עִקָּרִיּוֹת: מַיִם, בִּטָּחוֹן, אִחוּד וְשִׁלְטוֹן קַרְקָעִי נֵיטְרָלִי, אַךְ חָשׁוּב מֵהַכֹּל, בִּגְלַל הַקְּדוֹשָׁה שֶׁל יְרוּשָׁלַיִם הַטְּבוּעָה בַּמָּקוֹם הַנִּבְחָר, שֶׁבּוֹ יִבָּנֶה בֵּית הַמִּקְדָּשׁ הָעֲתִידִי.     

לְפָנֶיךָ סִרְטוֹן הַמְּסַפֵּר אֶת הַסִּבּוֹת שֶׁל דָּוִד בְּכִבּוּשׁ הָעִיר.