900 - 800 BCE

King Ahab, Queen Jezebel, 
King Jehu

In the period from 900-800 BCE, King Mesha of Moab as well as the kings of Assyria began to wage war against Israel.   It is at this time that the widely known Biblical narrative of King Ahab and his infamous idolatrous wife Jezebel takes place.  Ahab inherited a stabilized political kingdom from his father Omri in 871 BCE. However, like his father, he did not maintain the spiritual standards of the people. The idolatry and wickedness of the royal house carried the whole kingdom into spiritual degeneracy.   Ahab fell completely under the evil influence of his queen Jezebel, the heathen princess, daughter of Ethbaal, king of Sidon in Lebanon. Jezebel was a fanatical worshipper of Baal and strove hard to spread this idol worship throughout Israel. At the same time, she persecuted the true Hebrew prophets so fiercely that most went into hiding fearing for their lives. The worship of the calves in Bethel and Dan also went on with unabated zeal.   Many new cities sprang up during Ahab's reign. Among them Jezreel, which became one of the favourite royal residences. In open disobedience of the ban imposed by Joshua, Ahab also rebuilt Jericho.

Pair of Lamassu from the Palace of Ashurnasirpal II, Nimrud Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Photo by Xuan Che via Wikipedia

Many Biblical Places and Names Are Mentioned on the Moabite Stone

Y-H-V-H, the God of Israel
Omr i– 1 Kings 16
Arnon—Isaiah 16
Ataroth—Joshua 16
Baal-meon—Numbers 32
Beth-Diblathaim—Jeremiah 48
Bezer—Joshua 8
Chemosh the God of the Moabites—Jeremiah 48
Dibon—Isaiah 15
Edom—Isaiah 34
Tribe of Gad—Joshua 13
Horonaim—Isaiah 15
Jahaz—Isaiah 15
Kiriathaim—Jeremiah 48
Medaba—Numbers 21
Mesha—2 Kings 3
Moab—Isaiah 16
Nebo—Jeremiah 48 

The Moabite stone mentions many biblical places and names including:  
The four-letter name of the God of Israel also known as the tetragrammaton

Omri– 1 Kings 16 
Arnon—Isaiah 16 
Ataroth—Joshua 16 
Baal-meon—Numbers 32 
Beth-Diblathaim—Jeremiah 48 
Bezer—Joshua 8 
Chemosh the God of the Moabites—Jeremiah 48 
Dibon—Isaiah 15 
Edom—Isaiah 34 
The Tribe of Gad—Joshua 13 
Horonaim—Isaiah 15 
Jahaz—Isaiah 15 
Kiriathaim—Jeremiah 48 
Medaba—Numbers 21 
Mesha—2 Kings 3 
Moab—Isaiah 16 
Nebo—Jeremiah 48

Photo by Ardon Bar-Hama

לְאַחַר שֶׁשָּׁאוּל הַמֶּלֶךְ וּבְנוֹ יְהוֹנָתָן מֵתִים בַּקְּרָב, פּוֹנִים רָאשֵׁי הַשְּׁבָטִים לְדָוִד, שֶׁמָּלַךְ כְּבָר שֶׁבַע שָׁנִים וָחֵצִי בְּחֶבְרוֹן. הֵם מְמַנִּים אוֹתוֹ לְמֶלֶךְ עַל הַקּוֹנְפֵדֵרַצְיָה הַשִּׁבְטִית הַמְּאֻחֶדֶת שֶׁל יִשְׂרָאֵל.     

דָּוִד הַמֶּלֶךְ פּוֹנֶה מִיָּד לְכִוּוּן יְרוּשָׁלַיִם, אַחַת הֶעָרִים הָאַחֲרוֹנוֹת שֶׁטֶּרֶם נִכְבְּשָׁה בְּמַהֲלַךְ כִּבּוּשׁ הָאָרֶץ בִּידֵי בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל.   דָּוִד בּוֹחֵר בִּירוּשָׁלַיִם מֵאַרְבַּע סִבּוֹת עִקָּרִיּוֹת: מַיִם, בִּטָּחוֹן, אִחוּד וְשִׁלְטוֹן קַרְקָעִי נֵיטְרָלִי, אַךְ חָשׁוּב מֵהַכֹּל, בִּגְלַל הַקְּדוֹשָׁה שֶׁל יְרוּשָׁלַיִם הַטְּבוּעָה בַּמָּקוֹם הַנִּבְחָר, שֶׁבּוֹ יִבָּנֶה בֵּית הַמִּקְדָּשׁ הָעֲתִידִי.     

לְפָנֶיךָ סִרְטוֹן הַמְּסַפֵּר אֶת הַסִּבּוֹת שֶׁל דָּוִד בְּכִבּוּשׁ הָעִיר.